Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but at times also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and product.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][6] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]

The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment during the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary 50 percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is employed by several individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those More sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a excellent many Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Utilized in London shops. A buddy furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on 40 years back, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had feet sewn on to them (as was occasionally the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it truly is due to the White Ants."[10]


Common pajamas include a jacket-and-pants mix product of comfortable cloth, for example flannel or lightweight cotton.[11] The jacket ingredient normally has a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys are often offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as evening satisfies.

Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-first century They can be alternatively rare.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from traditional More pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[15] of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, one-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating a variety of elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.

Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got in some cases included the latter as being a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of limited gown top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may well now check with women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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